Several species of wood boring insects can damage trees and shrubs in Nebraska. Nearly all shade trees and most shrubs are subject to borer attack, especially if they are injured or weakened by disease or environmental stresses. Younger trees are likely to decline or die if borer damage is left unchecked. Many of these require carefully timed annual management programs to minimize infestation and damage. This publication covers the biology, life history, and management of the key wood borer species in Nebraska.