Weekly News Releases and Columns

July 16, 2018


Larry Howard

Extension Educator

Nebraska Extension

Serving Cuming County


Control Potato Leafhoppers In Alfalfa

Potato leafhoppers are injuring alfalfa in many areas.  Scouting for these insects and protecting your alfalfa from injury may be needed in your fields.

Potato leafhoppers are tiny, yellowish-green, wedge-shaped insects.  They blow into our region from the southeast during late spring through mid-summer.  Leafhoppers turn alfalfa yellow and stunt growth, and they especially hurt new seedlings. An early symptom of leafhopper damage is a triangular or V-shaped yellow or purple area at the tip of alfalfa leaves.  This discoloration is caused by a toxin the leafhopper injects into the alfalfa plant as it sucks out plant juices.  As feeding continues, the entire plant can turn yellow and growth may stop.

Check fields at least weekly for leafhoppers before symptoms appear.  Don’t wait!  If you detect leafhoppers early and they are still present, insecticides can kill them easily.  You may need to spray a couple times, though, since leafhoppers can migrate from other fields and reinfect your sprayed field.

However, if your alfalfa already is yellow and stunted, do not spray. Instead, first mow your alfalfa to remove affected plant tissue and to stimulate new growth.  Unmown plants might not grow much more all year, lowering yield and potentially leading to stand loss over winter.  After mowing newly seeded fields, spray insecticide when regrowth begins to protect that growth.  But don’t automatically spray established stands.  Instead, scout new regrowth at least weekly for leafhoppers.  If they reappear, then use insecticides before much damage occurs.

Managing Windrow Disease in Alfalfa

Rained-on hay plagues all of us eventually. This year maybe more than usual.  Windrow disease is the name often given to the striped appearance in fields where alfalfa windrows remained so long that regrowth was delayed. Usually it’s due to rained on hay and sometimes, insects.

Windrow disease presents special challenges. Weeds often invade, requiring spraying to maintain quality and protect stands. During the next growth period, plants that were not smothered regrow rapidly, while plants underneath the windrow suffer delays. Part of the field often will begin to bloom while windrow-stressed plants are still short and tender. So when do you harvest? When the first plants begin to bloom or do you wait until injured plants are ready?

Bruce Anderson suggests using two factors to tell when you should cut — the health and vigor of your stand and the nutrient needs of your livestock. For example, is your alfalfa stand young, healthy and regrowing well? If not, wait to cut until stunted plants begin to bloom so you can avoid weakening them even more. But, if your alfalfa is in good shape, then cut when it will best meet the needs of your animals. Dairy cows need alfalfa that is cut early, so harvest when the first plants reach bud to early bloom stage. Regrowth of injured plants may be slow after cutting, but this sacrifice is needed for profitable milk production. Beef cows, though, do not need such rich hay. So if the hay will be fed to beef cattle, let stunted plants recover, and then cut when they are ready to bloom. Hopefully, by the next cut, growth will be more uniform, plants healthy, and production back to normal.


                                                                                                            NEWS RELEASES
Crop Water Use

Estimated Crop Water use (inch/day)

Corn:  Emerge Date 5/13, Prior 3 days 0.20,  Next 3 Days 0.27

Soybean:  Emerge Date 5/25, Prior 3 Days 0.20  Next 3 Days 0.27

Alfalfa:  Emerge Date 4/01, Prior 3 Days 0.18, Next 3 Days 0.24

Grass:  Emerge Date 4/15, Prior 3 Days 0.12, Next 3 Days 0.16

Producers should note that immediately after cutting, water use for alfalfa will be 50% of the figure given; after ten days, water use will be 75%; and at 20 days after cutting, water use is the figure given.

These crops figures are provided by University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension in Cuming County.  They are based on West Point weather factors and are good for 50-mile radius.  Check the Crop Watch web site (cropwatch.unl.edu/gdd-etdata) daily for a more detailed current report.


Source: Larry Howard, Extension Educator

Release Date: July 16, 2018

Entry Deadline for County & State Fair, AKSARBEN and Norfolk Beef Expo

 All members are reminded that the entry deadline for all livestock except horse (this includes large animals as well as dogs, cats, small animals and rabbits) for Cuming County Fair is due by 4:00 p.m., Friday, August 3 to the Cuming County Extension Office.  The deadline for Horse entries is 4:00 p.m., Tuesday, July 31.

 State Fair Livestock entries and the AKSARBEN Livestock entries are required to be done on-line at the respective Nebraska State Fair and AKSARBEN sites this year.  State Fair is due Friday, August 10 at 5:00 p.m. while AKSARBEN entries are due, Friday, August 31 at 11:59 p.m. and is the responsibility of the 4-H member.  Exhibitors will need a credit card to complete the process.

The Norfolk Beef Expo entries are due, Thursday, August 23.

Cuming County Fair and Norfolk entries are due to the Cuming County Extension office. Please make note as all entry deadlines will be enforced.


Source: Larry Howard, Extension Educator

Release Date: July16 – August 20, 2018

Cuming County 4-H Livestock Members Excel at the Fremont 4-H Expo

 Cuming County 4-H members had another very successful year exhibiting their livestock at the 88th Annual Fremont 4-H Expo held July 11-14, 2018 at Christensen Field in Fremont, according to UNL Extension Educator, Larry Howard and Extension Assistant, Melissa Nordboe.

 In the Beef Show Cassidee Stratman of West Point exhibited the Reserve Market Heifer and the Champion Senior Showman. Carter Stratman of West Point showed the Reserve Market Steer and the exhibited the Silver Junior Showman.  Jaleigh Hallsted of Pender won the Champion Intermediate Showmanship and Jack Ritter of West Point won the Reserve Intermediate Showmanship. Hayden Schroeder won the Silver Junior Showmanship.  Logan Buhrman of Wisner won the Champion Simmental Beef Heifer and was also Reserve Senior Showman.  Sydney Hutchinson was the Reserve Champion Feeder Heifer.

 In the swine show, Levi Schiller of Scribner exhibited the Champion and Reserve Progress Gilt.  Anna Karnopp of Oakland exhibited the Champion Market Barrow and Ian Schiller of Scribner won the Champion Junior Showman and Megan Schroeder of Wisner exhibited the Silver Senior Showman.

 In the sheep show Jaleigh Hallsted of Pender exhibited the Reserve Dorset Ewe and the Reserve White Influenced Market Lamb.  Krista Ott of Wisner exhibited the Reserve Natural Market Lamb and the Bronze Senior Showman.  Kadence Blum of Norfolk won the Reserve Junior Showman.

 In the dairy show, Samantha Chapman of Bancroft exhibited the Ayrshire Breed Champion and the Reserve Ayrshire Breed. Melody Chapman of Bancroft exhibited the Champion and Reserve Jersey Breed.  Samantha Chapman of Bancroft exhibited the Bronze Intermediate Showman and Xander Chapman of Bancroft won the Bronze Junior Showman.

 In the Meat Goat show, Eli Blum of Norfolk won the Champion Senior Showman and in the Junior Showmanship, Kandence Blum of Norfolk placed third.

 In the horse show, Landon Hasenkamp of Beemer received a purple and gold in Junior showman. Kyle Rehak of Wisner received a purple and gold in Pony Pleasure and Landon Hasenkamp of Beemer received a purple and gold in the Junior Western Pleasure. Landon Hasenkamp of Beemer also received a purple and gold in the Junior Western Horsemanship and a purple and gold in Junior Reining.

 Here is a listing of all of the shows that Cuming County 4-Hers participated in:

 Beef Show


 Purple: Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer; Kaleb Hasenkamp, Beemer; Jaleigh Hallsted Pender


 Purple: Anna Karnopp, Oakland; Jaleigh Hallsted, Pender


 Purple:  Logan Buhrman, Wisner

 Feeder Calves Heifers

 Class: 36.25” – 40”

 Purple:  Tristian Steffen West Point

 Blue:  Megan Schroeder, Wisner

 Class: 40.25” – 44.5”

 Purple: Sydney Hutchinson, West Point; Peyton Hutchinson, West Point

 Blue:  Trevor Steffen, West Point

 Red:  Charlie Dinslage, West Point

 Feeder Calves Steers

 Class: 37.75” – 41.75”

 Blue:  Tristian Steffen, West Point; Peyton Hutchinson, West Point

 Red:  Katie Groth, Beemer

Class: 42” – 44.5”

 Blue:  Trevor Steffen, West Point; Sydney Hutchinson West Point

 Red:  Megan Groth, Beemer

 Senior Showmanship

 Purple:  Cassidee Stratman, West Point; Logan Buhrman, Wisner

 Blue:  Evie Schlickbernd, West Point; Kaleb Hasenkamp, Beemer

 Red:  Megan Groth, Beemer

 Intermediate Showmanship

 Purple: Jaleigh Hallsted, Pender; Jack Ritter, West Point; Carter Stratman, Wisner

 Red:  Katie Groth, Beemer

 Junior Showmanship

 Purple:  Hayden Schroeder, Wisner & silver; Cade Stratman, West Point; Sydney Hutchinson, West Point; Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer; Tristan Steffen, West Point

 Blue: Trevor Steffen, West Point; Peyton Hutchinson, West Point; Charlie Dinslage, West Point

 Market Heifer

 Class 940-1160 lbs

 Purple:   Hayden Schroeder, Wisner

 Blue:  Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer

 Class 1180-1370 lbs.

 Purple:  Jack Ritter, West Point; Cassidee Stratman, West Point

 Blue:  Kaleb Hasenkamp, Beemer

 Crossbred Steer

 Light Weight Division 1205-1305 lbs.

 Purple:  Evie Schlickbernd, West Point; Carter Stratman, West Point

 Blue:  Jack Ritter

 Heavy Weight Division 1385-1550 lbs.

 Purple:  Evie Schlickbernd, West Point; Cade Stratman, West Point

 Swine Show

 Senior Swine Showmanship

 Purple: Megan Schroeder, Wisner (silver)

 Blue:  Rachel Groth, Beemer; Megan Groth, Beemer; Allison Guenther, West Point

 Intermediate Swine Showmanship

 Purple:  Katie Groth, Beemer; Jack Ritter, West Point; Levi Schiller, Scribner; Anna Karnopp, Oakland

 Junior Swine Showmanship

 Purple:  Ian Schiller, Scribner, gold; Hayden Schroeder, Wisner; Ava Karnopp, Oakland

 Blue: Addison Kaup, Dodge; Avery Kaup, Dodge

 Purebred Breeding Gilts (208-235)

 Purple:  Allison Guenther, West Point; Rachel Groth, Beemer

 Crossbred Breeding Gilts (153-220)

 Purple:  Megan Schroeder, Wisner; Jack Ritter, West Point

 Blue:  Anna Karnopp, Oakland

 Progress Gilts (136-189)

 Purple:  Levi Schiller, Scribner

 Blue:  Megan Groth, Beemer

 Progress Gilts (194-210)

 Purple:  Jack Ritter, West Point; Levi Schiller, Scribner; Josie Ritter, West Point

 Blue:  Ava Karnopp, Oakland

 Progress Gilts (211-221)

 Blue:  Ian Schiller, Scribner; Addison Kaup, Dodge

 Progress Gilts (223-229)

 Purple:  Josie Ritter, West Point

 Blue:  Addison Kaup, Dodge; Avery Kaup, Dodge

 Red:  Rachel Groth, Beemer

 Market Gilts (232-246)

 Purple:  Levi Schiller, Scribner; Allison Guenther, West Point; Avery Kaup, Dodge

 Progress Barrows (199-207)

 Purple:  Anna Karnopp, Oakland; Jack Ritter, West Point

 Blue:  Addison Kaup, Dodge; Avery Kaup, Dodge

 Progress Barrows (209-224)

 Blue:  Katie Groth, Beemer

 Progress Barrows (225-229)

 Purple:  Josie Ritter, West Point; Megan Schroeder, Wisner

 Market Barrows (233-242)

 Purple:  Allison Guenther, West Point

 Market Barrows (245-252)

 Purple:  Hayden Schroeder, Wisner

 Market Barrows (261-295)

 Purple:  Anna Karnopp, Oakland

 Sheep Show

 Dorset Ewe Lambs

 Purple:  Jaleigh Hallsted, Pender

 Commercial Ewe Lambs

 Purple:  Kadence Blum, Norfolk; Caleb Rehak, Wisner

 Blue:  Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Commercial Yearling Ewes

 Purple:  Eli Blum, Norfolk; Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 Senior Sheep Showmanship

 Purple:  Caleb Rehak, Wisner; Rachel Groth, Beemer; Krista Ott, Wisner

 Intermediate Sheep Showmanship

 Purple:  Jaleigh Hallsted, Pender; Eli Blum, Norfolk; Kyle Rehak, Wisner

 Blue: Katie Groth, Beemer

 Junior Sheep Showmanship

 Purple:  Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 White Influence Market Lamb 82-105

 Purple: Katie Groth, Beemer; William Noland, Howells

 Blue:  Rachel Groth, Beemer; Katie Groth, Beemer

 White Influence Market Lambs 110-126

 Purple:  Jaleigh Hallsted, Pender

 Hampshire Market Lambs 134-147

 Purple:  Krista Ott, Wisner

 Blue:  Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Natural Market Lambs 112-121

 Purple:  Krista Ott, Wisner x2

 Crossbred Market Lambs 72-99

 Purple:  Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 Crossbred Market Lambs 105-113

 Purple:  Jaleigh Hallsted, Pender; Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 Crossbred Market Lambs 114-117

 Purple:  Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Crossbred Market Lambs 119-124

 Purple: Kyle Rehak, Wisner; Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Blue:  Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 Dairy Show

 Intermediate Dairy Showmanship

 Purple:  Samantha Chapman, Bancroft

 Junior Dairy Showmanship

 Purple:  Xander Chapman, Bancroft

 Blue:  Melody Chapman, Bancroft

 Jersey Spring Heifer

 Purple:  Melody Chapman, Bancroft

 Jersey Summer Yearling

 Blue: Xander Chapman, Bancroft

 Jersey Winter Yearling

 Blue:  Xander Chapman, Bancroft

 Ayrshire Spring Heifer

 Purple:  Samantha Chapman, Bancroft

 Blue:  Xander Chapman, Bancroft

 Ayrshire Fall Heifer

 Purple:  Samantha Chapman, Bancroft

 Meat Goat Show

 Senior Meat Goat Showmanship

 Purple:  Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Junior Meat Goat Showmanship

 Purple: Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 Progress Goats 60-69 lbs

 Purple:  Kadence Blum, Norfolk x2

 Market Goats 78-81 lbs

 Purple:  Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Market Goats 83-108 lbs

 Blue:  Eli Blum, Norfolk

 Yearling Does Born 9-1-16 to 8-31-17

 Purple:  Kadence Blum, Norfolk, Eli Blum, Norfolk

 DOE Kids

 Purple:  Eli Blum, Norfolk; Kadence Blum, Norfolk

 Horse Show

 Senior Horse Showmanship

 Purple:  Kyle Rehak, Wisner

 Junior Horse Showmanship

 Purple:  Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer

 Hunt Seat Equitation/all ages

 White:  Payton Schiller, Scribner

 Pony Pleasure/all ages

 Purple and gold:  Kyle Rehak, Wisner

 Western Pleasure/Junior

 Purple and gold: Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer

 Western Horsemanship/Senior

 Red:  Kyle Rehak, Wisner

 Western Horsemanship/Junior

 Purple and gold:  Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer


 Purple and Gold:  Landon Hasenkamp, Beemer

 Dog Show

 Intermediate Dog Showmanship

Purple:  Alix Nolting, Bancrofr

 Beginning Novice Obedience B Junior Division

 White:  Alix Nolting, Bancroft

 Agility Level 1

 Purple:  Alix Nolting, Bancroft

Poultry Show

 Single Pullet Large Fowl

 Blue:  Jordan Leland, West Point

 Single Hen Large Fowl

 Blue:  Jordan Leland, West Point

 Single Cock Bantam

 Blue:  Jordan Leland, West Point

 Old Drake

 Blue:  Jordan Leland, West Point

 Rabbit Show

 Senior Rabbit Showmanship

 Junior Rabbit Showmanship


 Purple:  Austin Kamm, Lincoln, X3

 Blue:  Austin Kamm, Lincoln


 Purple:  Emerson Bellar, Wisner


 Purple:  Emerson Bellar, Wisner

 Mini Lop

 Blue:  Emerson Bellar, Wisner x2

 Mini Rex

 Blue:  Jordan Leland, West Point x2; Jacey Dimon, Wisner; Tucker Buderus, Wayne x2

 Mini Satin

 Purple:  Evie Schlickbernd, West Point x4

 Blue:  Evie Schlickbernd, West Point

 Netherland Dwarf

 Blue:  Landree Loseke, Beemer


 Purple:  Tucker Buderus, Wayne; Jacey Dimon, Wisner x2

 Blue:  Tucker Buderus, Wayne; Jacey Dimon, Wisner x2

 Commercial Breeds


 Blue: Tucker Buderas, Wayne

 Fur Class

 Blue:  Jordan Leland, West Point


Source: Larry Howard, Extension Educator and Melissa Nordboe, Extension Assistant

Release Date: July 16, 2018

 Haskell Agricultural Laboratory Climate & Crops Family Field Day

 It is a pleasure to invite you to the Haskell Agricultural (HAL) Climate & Crops Family Fields Day on Tuesday, August 14 at the HAL located 1 ½ miles east of Concord, Nebraska.  Registration will begin at 8:30 a.m. and continue throughout the day.  The day will feature four speaker tracks (Climate & Livestock, Climate & Crops, Climate & You and Ag Economics including the Farm Bill), and various educational activities for all ages.  Kids are welcome and invited to come with their parents or grandparents.  Feel free to bring guests with you.  Some of the activities available for all ages include Robotics, Animals Inside & Out, a Shooting Sports Trailer, Maker Space Trailer, a Science Literacy Trailer, the Mobile Beef Lab, Instant Pot Demonstrations. Pressure canner testing and other programs.  Backyard Farmer will have a live question and answer panel from 1:30-2:30 p.m.  A walking tour of the Northeast Arboretum will be available in the morning and afternoon as well as drawings for free trees. These booths and activities will be available from 9 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.  A free steak sandwich lunch sponsored by the Nebraska Soybean Board will be served and noon speakers include Al Dutcher, UNL Climatologist and Dr. Michael Boehm, Vice Chancellor of the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.  Research tours will be conducted in the afternoon.  The day will conclude at 3:30 p.m.  I hope that your schedule will allow you to attend.  This is free and open to the public event.  For more information, our website is https://extension.unl.edu/statewide/nerec/ and our Facebook page is https://www.facebook.com/HALenres/.

 To assist with planning, you can register at the following site: https//halfieldday.eventbrite.com or call Dee at 402-585-3837 by August 7 so that we can plan for amply food for the festivities.

 This event will take place regardless of the weather.  A link to a location map for the Haskell Agricultural Laboratory is: http//nerec.unl.edu/maps.

 Hope to see you on August 14.


Source: Thomas Hunt, Field Day Chair

Release Date: July 16, 2018


Blossom End Rot of Vegetables

By Nebraska Extension Horticulture Educator Kathleen Cue

 So your zucchini has these leathery brown areas on their blossom end?  What is this and what can a gardener do about it?

Blossom end rot is confusing because it looks like it’s caused by a fungus.  It isn’t a fungus.  Instead it is a lack of calcium that is the cause.  Before you rush out to purchase lime or gypsum to apply to your plants and soil, it helps to have a better understanding of the mechanism that is causing this deficiency.

First, calcium exists in abundance in our soils, so applying even more won’t help.  Further, if we tested the plant for calcium we would find adequate amounts for good plant health. Rather it is the plant’s inability to distribute calcium, in this case to the developing vegetables, which is the cause here.

Some things that interfere with a plant’s ability to move calcium include extreme heat, high nitrogen fertilization, and roots that are soggy wet or bone dry.  While we can’t fix extreme heat or Mother Nature’s deluge, the good news is that plants eventually figure out the calcium mobility issue on their own.  Initial harvests may have blossom end rot, but later ones will be just fine. 

Things gardeners can do to help are to irrigate during dry spells to maintain an evenly moist root zone (about 1 inch/week), refrain from over-fertilizing  plants and mulch with shredded newspapers to help keep the soil a little cooler. No other treatment is necessary.

Blossom end rot is prevalent on zucchini, summer squash, cucumber, pepper, and tomato. More information about blossom end rot may be found here: https://byf.unl.edu/blossom-end-rot .

The Extension Master Gardener horticulture helpline and open clinic hours are:

Mondays, 9:00 am to 12:00 noon, Washington County Extension, 402-426-9455

Tuesdays, 1:00 to 3:00 pm, Cuming County Extension, 402-372-6006

Wednesdays and Fridays, 9:00 am to 12:00 noon, Dodge County Extension, 402-727-2775